There are three types of police strategies to address and reduce crime: Problem Oriented Policing (POP), Community Oriented Policing (COP) and Zero Tolerance Policing. PoP is a policing strategy that involves the identification and analysis of specific crime and disorder problems, in order to develop effective response strategies. Zero-Tolerance/Giuliani policing involves cracking down on minor offenses in the hope of reducing major crime as well. Lastly, Community policing focuses on building ties and working closely with members of the communities. If I was a Sheriff/Police Chief in Northern Nevada, I would spearhead a new principal. “Firm but Fair” Policing (as called Conservative Method or Syncretic policing) seeks to combine the best of three approaches, particularly Zero-Tolerance and Problem-Orientated. Like Problem-Orientated ,the “Firm but Fair” policing (FbF) allows the police to increase the certainty, swiftness and severity of punishment in a number of innovative ways, often by directly interacting with offenders and communicating clear incentives for compliance and consequences for criminal activity. (“Focused Deterrence Strategies). The Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy” 2018 and The Boston Police successfully reduced youth homicide by a whopping 63%. ( Braga, Anthony; Kennedy, David; Waring, E.J.; Piehl, Anne 2001) There was another controversial but effective policy in nearby New York City. NYC was a cesspool of crime and degeneracy, an American Babylon. Then Rudy Giuliani became mayor and appointed Bill Bratton as Commissioner. As a result, Terry Stops (Stop and Frisk) were implemented and 27 percent of overall crimes dropped. The homicides rate dropped 40 percent. Also, robberies and burglaries plummeted to 55% thanks to Stop and Frisk. This drop in crime is twice the national average, being the most effective method to deter crime. (Kahn, Walker, Samuel, and Charles Katz) To reduce any community conflict, the police shall engage in a community based policing strategy but unlike COP, it has a different focus on specific crime problems and achieving crime reduction results (this can be good to maintain social order, which in turn will reduce crimes such as drug use, murder, rape, and robberies) rather than on the means of policing. In conclusion please consider this marriage of ZTP and POP.
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Kahn, “Social Influences, Social meaning, and Deterrence.”
Walker, Samuel, and Charles Katz. The Police in America: An Introduction. 9th ed., , McGraw-Hill, 2011.